IDS Linked Data Notification (IDS-LDN)

LDP and REST focus on the communication between a User-Agent and an origin server. A message represents a state check or a state transformation, triggered by the client and executed by the server. However, in many use cases the client is the source of an information, for instance an observed event, and wants to notify the server. The IDS defines NotificationMessages for this purpose.

A REST or LDP binding does not allow such interactions without creating or overwriting a specific resource. In the case of an event message, the client, however, does not want to create a new resource each and every time it forwards a notification to the server. For instance, the submission of a huge number of POST/PUT requests in a real-time scenario would lead to an arbitrarily huge number of resources at the server, as each notification must be treated as a new creation request. This is neither efficient nor desired.

Linked Data Notifications provides a solution to this issue. A Receiver can host a special LDP Container called 'LDN Inbox'. This inbox is the target for notification messages. A notification itself is a HTTPS POST request with the content contained in the request body. The payload must be a serialized RDF syntax, with JSON-LD as the recommended format. In any way, the "Content-Type" header must outline the used MIME type. In addition, all other header requirements apply as listed in the Table 2.

The notifications are optional for the IDS Connector. An IDS Connector can advertise itself as "IDS-REST compliant " even if it does not support notifications.

However, in case an IDS Connector supports also notifications, it must use the Link header with the value

Example "request and response"

HEAD /that HTTP/1.1
Accept: application/ld+json

HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Link: <>; rel=""

The Connector furthermore must add the following triple to its Self-Description:

@prefix ldp: <> .
    ldp:inbox <>

This allows the discovery of the inbox through the clients. The recommended location of the inbox is at https:///inbox/.

The server receiving notifications may, as in any other IDS communication, block the sender if it assumes abuse, must verify the sender's identity, and insist on TLS encrypted communication. Clients violating these principles or senders of incorrect syntax may or may not receive an explaining error response. In any way, a server must not respond with a 2xx status code if it did not accept the notification. If the server accepts the notification request, it must return a 200 OK response as for any other accepted POST request.

Interaction PatternIDS-REST Request BindingIDS-REST Response BindingConsequence

Notification to an IDS Connector

POST at the inbox location. The content of the notification is in the body of the request, encoded in a common RDF serialization.

200: OK

unsafe: sending a notification might change the world

400: Bad Request

idempotent: sending the same notification several times must not make any difference.

406: Not Allowed

Notification about an IDS Connector

POST at the inbox location of the receiving connector. The representation of the changed IDS Connector is represented by an instance of the ids:Connector class in the request body.

200: OK


400: Bad Request


406: Not Allowed

Notification about an IDS Resource

POST at the inbox location. The representation of the changed IDS Resource is represented by an instance of the ids:Resource class in the request body.

200: OK


400: Bad Request


406: Not Allowed

Notification to many IDS Connectors


Recommendation: Send one POST to every notification receiver.

Notification about an IDS Participant

POST at the inbox location. The representation of the changed IDS Participant is represented by an instance of the ids:Participant class in the request body.

200: OK

400: Bad Request

406: Not Allowed

##### Table 6: Notifications and their mapping in the IDS-REST binding.

Note that the notifications about a Connector, Resource, or Participant state are duplicating the PUT operations on such resources. For instance, the information about a changed attribute in a Connector Self-Description could either be transported via PUT at the IDS Metadata Broker path representing this Connector (, or by sending a notification to the IDS Metadata Broker's inbox ( Nevertheless, in case this type of notification is intended for a Connector that does not provide such a resource path, notifications are the only feasible way.

see also

Linked Data Notifications, W3C Recommendation 2 May 2017


Collection of valid request templates can be found here.

REST API description

REST API description can be found maybe


Sebastian Bader


Jörg Langkau





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